This Guideline is designed to assess the effects of prolonged exposure of chemicals to the life-cycle of the sediment-dwelling freshwater dipteran Chironomus sp.. First instar chironomid larvae are exposed to five concentrations of the test chemical in sediment-water systems. The test substance is spiked into the water or alternatively the sediment, and first instar larvae are subsequently introduced into test beakers in which the sediment and water concentrations have been stabilised. Chironomid emergence, time to emergence, and sex ratio of the fully emerged and alive midges are assessed. Emerged adults are transferred to breeding cages, to facilitate swarming, mating and oviposition. The number of egg ropes produced and their fertility are assessed. From these egg ropes, first instar larvae of the 2nd generation are obtained. These larvae are placed into freshly prepared test beakers (spiking procedure as for the 1st generation) to determine the viability of the 2nd generation through an assessment of their emergence, time to emergence and the sex ratio of the fully emerged and alive midges. All data are analysed either by a regression model to estimate the concentration that would cause X% reduction in the relevant endpoint, or by using hypothesis testing to determine a No Observed Effect Concentration (NOEC).
SANTE 2020/12830 Rev.1.
Corophium volutator chronic study
Corophium volutator acute toxicity
Crustacean Acute: Toxicity Study - Acartia Tonsa or Tisbe battaglia. Determination of acute lethal toxicity to marine copepods.
Arenicola marina sediment study
Mysid Acute (Static and Flow Through)
Oyster Embryo Larval Development Test
Mysid Chronic Toxicity Test
Fish: Chronic: Saltwater - Toxicity Study
Algal Acute Marine - Analytical Chemistry
Algal Acute Marine - Growth Inhibition Study
Melting Point/Melting Range
Hydrolysis as a function of pH